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    > 托福 > 托福聽力教程 > 曲根托福詞匯整理 >  第1篇

    曲根托福詞匯整理(字母c-f)

    所屬教程:曲根托福詞匯整理

    瀏覽:

    xiaoming

    2022年08月06日

    手機版
    掃描二維碼方便學習和分享
    https://online2.tingclass.net/lesson/shi0529/10000/10533/曲根托福詞匯整理(字母c-f).mp3
    https://image.tingclass.net/statics/js/2012
    List 1
    1.Cacophonous:發音不和諧的,嘈雜的   cacophony  Phon=>sound
    Euphonious: eu=>well  悅耳的   eulogy:頌詞
    Phonograph: graph=>to write  留聲機     Symphony: 交響樂
    2.callous:無情的,心腸狠的  calloused hands 長滿老繭的
    3.calumniate:誹謗,中傷(vilify,malign)  calumny
    Slander:(口頭)誹謗,破口大罵   slender:苗條
    Libel:(文字)誹謗  label:標簽
    4.camouflage:(軍事上)偽裝  belie  disguise   dissimulate
    Masquerade:偽裝
    5.cantankerous:脾氣壞的
    Peevish:(pee)(pervert)       bilious:(bile:膽)
    Irascible:(erase、rase)       liverish:(liver:肝臟)
    Crabbed:(crab:螃蟹)
    Waspish:(wasp:黃蜂)
    6.canvass:游說(lobby),拉票;細查,討論   Canvas:帆布
    7.captious:吹毛求疵的,挑剔的
    Cap=>head(capital captain);to catch(capture)
    Cape:斗篷;海角(the cape of good hope)   captivate:使迷惑
    Caption:圖片標題,插圖(illustration)說明   capitulate:surrender投降
    Precipice:懸崖(cliff) precipitious:陡峭的  cavil:吹毛求疵  carp:鯉魚
    Finicky:吹毛求疵的     Fastidious:難以取悅的 fast:齋戒

    Lsit 2
    1.Cardinal:主要的,最重要的 paramount minor card/cord=>heart
    Cordial:熱心的,熱情的   cardiologist:心臟病專家
    Cardiac:心臟的 ~surgery   concord:和諧一致 Discord:不和諧,不一致
    2.carnage:屠殺,大屠殺 carn=>flesh carnivore/herbivore/omnivore
    Omni=>all   age=>變成一個動作的結果
    Carnal:肉體的,肉欲的  ~pleasure  spiritual
    Carcass:(動物的)尸體  ass:屁股;驢   Reincarnate:使轉世,使化身
    Slay        slaughter      massacre         assassinate/assassin  
    execute   lynch:處以私行     holocaust   caust=>burn
    3.cataclysm:災難,大洪水  disaster   aster=>star
    Catastrophe  cata=>down/fully  catalogue      calamity
    4.censorious:受批判的  censor=>審查 censorship
    Censure:譴責,批判    Census:人口普查   Consensus:共識
    5.cession:割讓,轉讓   cess/ceed/cede=>to go  access
    Su+雙寫=>sub  success     Cede:割讓,轉讓
    Recede:后退,倒退         intercede:調停,調解
    Concede:妥協,讓步/admit/avow/aver   secede:脫離,退出 se=>apart
    Accede:加入/concent        antecede:ante=>before 先行,超過
    Precede:先于…  precedent:先例   unprecedented:史無前例的

    List 3
    1.chastise:嚴懲,懲罰  punish
    Chasten:體罰,懲罰     chast/cast=>pure/throw
    Chaste:純潔的,貞潔的     Caste:(印度社會種族)階級
    Castigate:譴責censure/懲罰chastise
    Overcast:gloomy/cloudy/憂郁的
    Downcast:沮喪的dejected           
    Outcast:被驅逐的
    2.chauvinism:沙文主義 nihilism:虛無主義
    male ~:大男子主義    jingoism:金戈主義
    3.chivalrous:有武士風度,紳士風度的  val=>strong/value
    Cavalier:騎士 knight     valiant:英勇的gallant/gall    valor/valorous
    Convalesce:恢復,康復 recover   invalid:無效的/病人
    4.choreography:舞蹈學  chore=>sing/dance  choreographer
    Choir:唱詩班     chorus:合唱隊,和音
    5.circumlocution:累贅的陳述 loc/log/loqu=>speak
    Loquacious:話多的           eloquent:口才好的,雄辯的
    Obloquy:誹謗 calumny       interlocution:對話    eulogy
    Colloquy:談話,閑談 colloquial:口頭的 ~language   acious=>many
    Soliloquy:自言自語              sol=>alone

    List 4
    1.clairvoyance:透視力,洞察力 insight  acumen   Voy/vis=>to see
    2.clement:和藹可親的  benign  amiable  amicable
    Inclement:狂暴的;冷酷無情的  
    3.cogitate on:思考,考慮 agitate:煽動,鼓動
    Deliberate:on purpose/cogitate  deliberately  libertine
    Contemplate: temple=>寺廟、太陽穴
    Ruminate on      Ponder that/over:pound=>磅  er=>反復
    4.coltish:輕佻的,不受拘束的,小馬似的  mule/mulish   bull/bullish
    Colt:小馬  jolt:顛簸  molt:脫毛,換羽  dolt:傻瓜
    5.combustible:易燃的 burst/burn    Spontaneous combustion:自燃
    Inflammable:易燃的/易怒的      Ignite:點燃     kindle:點燃
    6.commensurate with:相稱的,相當的 measure
    Tantamount to:相等的 Congruent:全等的,一致的
    Commemorate:紀念     
    Consummate:圓滿的,完美的/完美完成     summit:頂峰,頂點
    7.complacent:自滿的,得意的 please   Complaisant:順從的,討好的
    8.conciliation:安撫,安慰  conciliate  cil=>call
    Reconcile:和解 be reconciled with   supercilious:傲慢無禮的
    9.condiment:調味品 seasoning  season:加調料  cond=>hide abscond
    Recondite:深奧難懂的  Opaque  

    List 5
    1.confide:傾訴,委托,相信  fid=>to believe  confident
    Confidant:密友,知己   Diffident:缺乏自信的
    Fidelity:忠誠    Perfidious:per=>away disloyal 不忠的,背信棄義的
    Defy:違抗  defiance/defiant  deny
    2.constrict:壓縮,限制 restrict  strict/strain=>tighten  restraint
    Astrict:束縛,使收縮  constrain:拘禁/抑制 restrain:抑制、限制           
    compress:壓縮   oppress:壓抑,壓迫
    suppress(強權的)鎮壓      repress(正當的)鎮壓
    3.contiguity:接觸,接近  ~ of A and B  tig=>tact/tang=>to touch
    Tact:機智,圓滑    intact:完好無損的,完整的 
    tangle:(物體,關系)糾纏 le=>反復  tangible:能觸摸到的
    contagion:接觸性傳染  contagious   proximity to:鄰近,接近
    4.contumacy:拒不服從,倔強  tum=>bloated  tumor
    Contumely:傲慢無禮   Tumid:腫脹的  Tumult:騷亂,動亂
    5.conundrum:謎語 riddle puzzle   enigma  enigmatic
    6.convict:證明有罪 acquit  vict/vinc=>to conquer
    Conviction:有罪、相信/堅信
    Evict:(從房屋內)驅逐         invincible:不可征服的   
    Evince:表明                 vanquish:征服
    7.convivial friends:歡宴的  vivi/vit=>life/live  vitamin
    Vivacious:活潑的Vivify:使生動   Vitality:生命力 vitalize:激發,激勵

    List 6
    1.corporate:法人的,共同的,全體的 corporation copor=>body
    Incorporate:體現embody/合并  corporeal:肉體的/物質的/有形的
    Corpulent:肥胖的,臃腫的     corpse:body
    2.cosmic:宇宙的  cosm=>universe  insular:島嶼的/狹隘的
    Cosmos:宇宙   cosmopolitan:世界性的,世界主義的/四海為家的
    3.craven:懦夫,膽小鬼 timid/coward  
    Cringe:畏縮,害怕/adulate諂媚     cavern:洞穴,大上凍
    Fringe:邊緣 infringe:侵犯,違反
    4.crusade:十字軍東征/改革運動  ade:名詞后綴,表集合cruc=>cross
    Crucial:關鍵的,至關重要的 crux:關鍵,要點 crucify:使折磨,使痛苦
    5.curt:簡短而草率的    curb:抑制/馬路邊  goad:刺激,激發/趕牛棒
    6.cynic:犬儒主義,憤世嫉俗者 cyn=>dog
    Cynical unbelieving/sarcastic       cynicism
    7.dearth:缺乏  shortage/lack
    Paucity:pauper乞丐 poverty      
    Deficiency:sufficient充足的
    Scarcity:scarce缺乏的 scar scant scanty
    Glut:gluttony饕餮,暴食 glutinous:黏的
    Plethora:plenty        scad:scarce
    8.debris:碎片,殘骸  space debris

    List 7
    1.decipher:破譯,解碼  cipher=>密碼 code:密碼,代碼/準則,原則
    Encode:加密碼  decode:解碼
    2.deduct:扣除  deductible  deductibles  duce/duct=>to lead
    Duct:導管    abduct:誘拐,拐賣 kidnap   aqueduct:水渠   
    conduce to:contribute to  seduce sb into doing:(色)勾引  
    induce sb to do:(言語)引誘
    3.default:默認值/疏忽職責/拖欠  fall/false=>mistake
    Fallible:易犯錯的   infallibility:一貫正確   fallacy:謬論  
    falsify:篡改,偽造    falsehood:虛假,謊言  false tooth
    4.deleterious:有害的,有毒的  baneful   Indelible:不可磨滅的
    Detrimental:有害的 trim:修剪/整齊的,整潔的
    5.delineate:(圖片,文字)描繪  line
    Depict:描繪  recount:重新清點/講述  relate:講述,敘述
    6.delinquency:行為不良,(青少年)犯罪  juvenile delinquency
    Rejuvenate:返老還童   junior:大三生/年少的Senior:長者/大四學生
    7.delirium:精神狂亂,狂喜  insane  Delirious  lure:誘惑
    demented:精神錯亂的 mental   deranged:精神錯亂的 range
    in frenzy:extreme excitement  freak:瘋子,怪胎
    8.deluge:洪水,大雨/泛濫,淹沒  lu/lau=>to wash  laundry
    Dilute:稀釋,沖淡 dilate:膨脹,擴大  lavish:奢侈浪費的/浪費
    lavatory:廁所,盥洗室

    list 8
    1.demarcate:劃分界限  mark
    immaculate:spotless無瑕的 maculate maculated   flaw:瑕疵 flawless
    2.demur:提出異議,反對  demure:端莊的/嚴肅的  mature
    Decry:抗議,譴責   descry:遠遠看到   describe
    deprecate:抗議,譴責     depreciate:貶值,貶低
    3.denunciation:(公開)譴責  denounce announce scold  pronunciation  
    Renounce:放棄權利,信仰    enunciate:闡明/articulate illuminate
    Reprove:反對,譴責  approve   re=>against
    Reproach:反對,譴責  approach
    Reprehend:反對,譴責  comprehend
    reprimand:反對,譴責  command
    rebuke:反對,譴責     不可
    4.deport:舉止(deportment)驅逐(deportation)  port=>carry
    Portable:便攜的  potable:drinkable     Disport:嬉戲
    5.destitution:窮困,缺乏,貧窮  stitute=>to stand 
    Destitute:貧窮的  prostitute:妓女prostitution  restitute:償還,歸還
    Institute  constitute  substitute   sist=>stand  subsist on fish:live on
    Impoverish:使貧窮  penury:貧窮peny  indigent:貧窮的

    List 9
    1.Deteriorate:惡化   worsen  exacerbate  aggravate  terror
    Deter:阻嚇,阻礙  deterrent:阻礙物
    Ameliorate:改善,提高  inprove  male=>evil  hire/fire
    2.dexterous:靈巧的,慣用右手的  dextr=>right  ambidextrous
    Dexterity:敏捷,靈巧
    3.diatribe:抨擊,謾罵 Tribe:部落  dia=>between/across  diagonal
    Accolade:表揚,贊美 collar:領子 acclaim:喝彩,稱贊  
    commend:公開贊揚 command recommend  eulogize:歌頌 eulogy
    exalt、extol:高歌頌揚 altitude  tall
    Compliment:贊揚  complement:補充  laud:歌頌 lord:上帝
    4.dilapidated:年久失修的,破舊的 lapid=>stone  Lapidary:寶石工藝匠  
    Derelict:棄置的、玩忽職守的  relics:遺跡  relinquish:(勉強)放棄
    Decrepit:衰老的、破舊的    cre=>create
    5.discompose:不安  compose:創作composition/組成/鎮定composure
    Decompose:分解    pose=>to put  im=>on
    Expose:暴露 propose:提出/求婚 dispose:處理/陳列 impose:強加于
    Depose:罷免,免職  repose:睡覺,休息  transpose:改換位置/順序
    juxtapose:并排放 junction:連接處 conjunction:連詞superimpose:疊加
    6.disillusion:幻滅/大失所望 illusion:幻覺 delusion:幻覺 lus/lud=>play
    Prelude:前奏  interlude:間奏  postlude:尾聲   delude:deceive
    Allude to:暗指  collude:勾結/串通  elude:躲避  elusive:晦澀難懂的

    List 10
    1.disposed:有…傾向的 be disposed to
    Disposition:性情,性格  indisposition:微恙,小病  predisposition:傾向
    Penchant:傾向,喜好  inclination   
    orientation:開學適應/religious political sexual傾向
    2.disseminate:散布,散開  dis=>apart  semin=>seed  seminar semen
    Inseminate:受精,使懷孕  artificial insemination
    3.distraught:不安的,發狂的  distract:分心,分散注意力 
    tract=>draw  contract:拉緊,收縮  attract
    detract:貶低,詆毀  protract:延長  extract:拔出,取出/摘錄  
    subtract:減去  intractable:難以駕馭管束的retract:收回,取消
    4.divestiture:deprive剝奪/take off脫衣服divest vest:背心life vest/賦予
    Transvestite:異裝癖者  travesty:拙劣的模仿
    Strip:脫衣服off  a strip show/剝奪   don:穿上   doff:脫去
    5.dormant: dormitory睡眠狀態,靜止的dormant/active/extinct volcano
    Slumber:sleeper  hibernate:冬眠
    6.drab:土褐色的,單調的  crab
    Monotonous:單調的   dreary:沉悶的,乏味的
    humdrum:單調,乏味   tedious: 冗長乏味的 extend
    Monologue:獨白

    List 11
    1.drudge:做苦工(的人)  drive
    Toil to:苦干 toilet    fag:苦干  fact
    2.ebullience:熱情洋溢,沸騰  
    Exultant:興高采烈 exult  exalt  exuberant:茂盛的/興高采烈
    exhilarate:使高興,激動  exhilarating  hilarious:令人捧腹的
    3.elicit:套話,誘出  draw out the secret from sb  lic=>lure  lust
    Licit:legal licence    illicit:illegal
    4.elope:私奔,逃走  lope:d大步慢跑  lop=>leg/run  gallop:(馬)飛奔
    5.eminent:顯赫的,杰出的  eminence  
    Prominent:突出的,顯赫的  preeminent:突出的,顯赫的
    Imminent:即將發生的 imminent war/disaster  renowned:卓越顯赫的
    6.emollient:柔軟的/潤膚劑 moll=>soft  mill
    Mollify:軟化/安撫,減輕 beautify mollusk:軟體動物
    demolish:拆遷/摧毀  devastate
    7.enervate:削弱,虛弱  enervated  nerve
    Debilitate:衰弱,虛弱 ability    enfeeble:使虛弱  feeble虛弱的
    8.ensue:跟著發生 a fight ensued after…
    Sue:(經濟)charge   hue:色調  cue:暗指,暗示  rue:regret

    List 12
    1.entomology:昆蟲學  tom=>cut  atom  insect  sect=>cut
    Anatomy:就剖學    epitome:abstract摘要/a good example范例,縮影
    Bisect:一分為二 bi=>two   dissect:解剖  intersect:橫切,橫斷
    2.epidemic:流行的,傳染的  epi=>on/among/behind  epigraph
    挨批米修斯/潘多拉 epi epilogue     普羅米修斯  pro prologue
    Demo=>people  democracy:民主     demographic:人口統計學的
    Endemic:地方性的  pandemic:全國流行的   pan=>all
    3.equilibrium:平衡   libr=>libra:天平  equa=>equal
    Equitable:公正的,公平的  equable:(性格)溫和的  iniquity:不公正
    Disinterested:公正的,公平的   uninterested
    4.etch:蝕刻   itch:撓癢癢    efface:擦除,抹去  erase
    Deface:損壞..的表面   facet:面/aspect   facade:(建筑物)正面
    facetious:好開玩笑的,不嚴肅的 
    5.euphoria:精神歡快   phor=>fer=>to carry  
    Defer:delay 推遲,延期   confer:協商  conference
    Glee:高興     bliss:極樂/美滿 bless   mirth:高興 miracle:奇跡
    ecstasy:狂喜

    list 13
    1.excrete:排泄,分泌  secrete:分泌/藏匿  secret  cret=>separate
    Discrete:分開的,不連續的    discreet:小心翼翼的
    2.exculpate:開罪,脫罪  culp=>guilt  inculpate:證明有罪
    Culpable:有罪的/應受譴責的   culprit:罪犯
    3.exempt:免除/被免除的 be exempt from
    empt/em=>to take example
    Preempt:搶先占有/優先購買  redemption:贖回/救贖redeem red=>re
    4.exonerate:證明無罪  oner/on=>burden
    Onerous:繁苛的,繁重的  onus:負擔 burden
    5.explicable:可說明的,可解釋的  explain  plic/ply=>fold multiply
    Explicate:解釋,說明 explain  implicate:暗示/牽連,卷入 imply
    explicit:直接的,明顯的      implicit:含蓄隱晦的
    6.extemporize:即興創作  improvise   temporary  contemporary
    Offhand:即興的    impromptu:即興的  prompt:立即的,迅速的
    7.extricate:使解脫,救出   trick  intricate:complicated
    8.exude:流出,滲出   sweat/sweater  exodus:大批的離開 influx
    Ooze:緩慢地滲出

    List 14
    1.fallow:休耕地,休耕的  fellow   follow   fall  in use
    Callow:年輕而無經驗的/羽翼未豐的
    wallow:打滾  hallow:奉為神圣
    2.fawn:小鹿/on奉承,討好 
    fauna:animal groups動物群 flora:植物群
    Adulate/cringe  flatter:諂媚 flat   toady:拍馬屁/馬屁精 today
    sycophant:諂媚的/馬屁精  suck up to
    3.feign:假裝   ~ death  pretend  feint:假裝/佯攻
    Simulate:模擬/假裝  similar
    4.flag:衰退,衰減  wane  fl=>fly/bend
    Flee:逃離  fling:猛扔,猛拋  flit:掠過,飛走  fleeting:短暫的
    flinch:畏縮,退縮  flexible time
    5.flamboyant:(著裝)炫耀的,華麗的  boisterous  boycott
    Ostentatious:張揚的  showy:炫耀
    6.flaunt:揮動/炫耀
    Gaunt:憔悴的  daunt:恐嚇/使氣餒  
    vaunt:吹牛  taunt:嘲笑
    haunt:縈繞  jaunt:(短途)旅行  
    saunter:漫步徘徊

    list 15
    1.flip:投,擲/輕率的,無禮的flippant  flip a coin   toss up
    2.flock:羊群/鳥群/人群 a flock of
    Herd:牛群   school/shoal:魚群   pack:狼群 wolf  pride:獅群 lion swarm:蜜蜂群bee   gaggle:鵝群 goose
    3.flout:藐視,違抗  defy
    Tout:拉客/極力贊揚   snout:口鼻部sn=>nose sneeze  snore
    rout:擊敗,打敗
    4.foliage:樹葉,植物    foli=>leaf
    Defoliate:使落葉    foliate:葉狀的
    5.forestall:預防,阻止 prevent  install:安裝  stall:停止
    Foreshadow:預示   foresight:有遠見  forebear:祖先 ancestor  foreboding:預感,兇兆 omen
    6.forfeit:沒收,喪失  feit=>fact=>make
    Surfeit:飲食過度 sur=>on/more     counterfeit:偽造(錢)
    Confiscate:沒收,充公  fiscal:財政的

    List 16
    1.forger:偽造者,鐵匠  forge:偽造(書,文)/鑄造  fake  counterfeit
    2.fossilise:使成為化石  fossil   oss=>bone  ash:骨灰
    Ossify:骨化/使思想僵化,墨守成規  ossuary:骨灰盒
    3.fraud:(對公眾的)欺騙 佛洛依德 defraud:欺騙 fraudulent:不誠實的
    Delude:欺騙   deceive:欺騙
    4.frivolity:輕浮,草率  fri=>free   vol=>will   frivolous
    Volition:意志力,決心  
    5.fugitive:逃亡者,亡命者   refugee:難民   fug=>escape
    Centrifugal force:離心力    fugacious:易逃逸的
    6.futile:無用的,瑣碎的  fragile 注意讀音   Fertile:肥沃的  
    Fut/fus/fud=>pour  refuse  confuse
    Refute:反駁,駁斥  suffuse:充滿(情感/色彩)  profuse:充沛的/浪費的
    diffuse:彌漫,擴散  infuse:灌輸  effuse:流出,瀉出  
    effusive:熱情洋溢的  fuddle:喝醉/使迷惑
    7.gainsay:否認  avow/aver  gain=>against
    Negate:negative否認   disclaim:否認,否定
    8.garnish:裝飾(菜)    garlic:大蒜    adorn  ornament
    Garish:俗艷的  garment:服裝
    Embellish:裝飾   emblazon:(圖案,文字)裝飾   festoon:張燈結彩
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